I prefer to have my pups at night near me in their crate, so I can put my fingers in there to reassure them they are not alone. Put a cotton shirt you have slept in into the crate so Dirk has your smell, that is soothing. After a few nights he should settle down just fine. Remember this is all strange and new to him, he isn't used to being alone.
While working out, I would have him where he can see you, give him a Kong with treats or a bully stick during that time so it seems more like a reward in there.
During the day, have the kennel in a high traffic area where he can see you come and go. Remember to keep the kennel times short
and never let him out when he is throwing a tantrum. Sit by the crate until he calms and then let him out. Tough love and patience at this stage is needed! Glad you know the answer to 7 as I don't recommend that at all.
My last pup is a big guy with a big crate and I logged that crate up and down the stairs every night and every morning. He adjusted to it quickly and soon I was able to leave it downstairs, but not until he felt comfy and safe in it.
I hear you frustration in your questions and in your other thread I did read, but haven't had time to respond. We have all been there and yes it the hardest time in your puppy's life. You will be tired, you will feel frustrated, it's normal. Keep your cool, make the crate a safe place to be, never use it in a angry way, be sure it is ventilated as they can get hot in there, put some ice cubes in there if needed. Please ask away if I didn't answer all your questions.
Deb we posted at the same time! GMTA!!